Mini Forests




What is a Mini Forest?

Mini Forests, also known as Tiny Forests or Miyawaki Forests, are small-scale, densely planted, native urban forests consisting of trees and shrubs. The method emphasizes the use of dense plantings, diverse locally-adapted climax forest species, soil preparation, and multilayered design to mimic the complexity of a native forest.




The Benefits

Mini Forests provide a variety of ecosystem services that offer both environmental and social benefits. Here are just a few:


  • Mitigate the urban heat island effect by moderating temperature fluctuations

  • Provide much-needed green spaces for people to enjoy, offering mental health benefits and opportunities for participatory action

  • Sequester carbon and reduce air pollution

  • Increase biodiversity by providing necessary habitat for wildlife

  • Improve watershed health by reducing runoff and overland flooding


About the Program

Through the Network of Nature, we are working with communities to successfully plant, maintain, and monitor Mini Forests from coast-to-coast-to-coast.


People loosening the roots of a sapling before planting

Learn How to Grow a Mini Forest in Your Community

If you’re interested in growing a Mini Forest in your community, we welcome you to explore the comprehensive learning materials that we have built just for you.

Visit our Learning Resources page here.

Participate in the



Parent and kid planting a tree



Support generously provided by

  • TD Bank
  • Landscape Architecture Canada Foundation
  • Greenbelt Foundation
  • Living Cities Fund (Green Communities Canada)
  • Josette Robertson and Joan Johnston Family Foundation
  • Accenture


  • Nature Metrics
  • Vineland Research and Innovation Centre
  • Wilder Climate Solutions
  • Toronto Zoo
  • Green Venture
  • Garden City Conservation Society